During the transition period, 10 pilot cities in Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Zhengzhou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Tianjin, and Fuzhou continued to be supervised in accordance with the regulatory requirements before the implementation of the new tax policy, that is, when the “first line” enters the district, it will not be tested. For nuclear clearance, the first import license, registration or filing requirements for cosmetics, infant formula, medical equipment, special foods (including health foods, special medical formulas, etc.) in the “Positive List” remarks will not be implemented.
Recently, the General Administration of Customs officially issued the "Notice on the Implementation of New Regulatory Requirements for Cross-border E-Commerce Retail Imports." The previously rumored regulatory authorities will set up a "cross-border e-commerce New Deal" to be implemented on April 8. The annual buffer period is officially settled.
Retaining the tax system adjustment, other new policies are suspended for one year
The notice clearly stated that during the transition period, 10 pilot cities in Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Zhengzhou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Tianjin and Fuzhou continued to be supervised in accordance with the regulatory requirements before the implementation of the new tax policy. This means that in addition to the changes in the import tax system, other provisions on the e-commerce quotient in the cross-border E-commerce New Deal have been suspended, indicating that the regulatory authorities have made a certain degree of cross-border e-commerce business to a large extent. Appropriate concessions. It is reported that this policy transition period will be May 11, 2017.
Due to the high lethality, the new cross-border e-commerce new policy, which began to be implemented on April 8 this year, will be partially suspended. At the beginning of this year, several sources confirmed that the General Administration of Customs and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and other departments have reached an agreement on this issue and decided to temporarily set up a "one-year transition period" for the contents of the New Deal. Some people familiar with the matter said that in fact, the General Administration of Customs is only an executive department in the new cross-border e-commerce policy, and the implementation of the new policy can be suspended. It should be the decision of the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation and even the higher authorities, only after the parties have reached an agreement. It is released by the General Administration of Customs.
Haitao enterprise is caught in the "destruction of customs clearance"
For Haitao New Deal, the biggest concern of the outside world was the tax and fee issue. That is to say, Haitao paid taxes in accordance with the mode of taxation and tax exemption, and now it has all become a new tax rate. This certainly adds a certain tax cost to Haitao enterprises, but in fact, the most deadly blow to Haitao's enterprises in the New Deal clause is the customs clearance system. This measure is called “customs clearance” by many e-commerce companies.
According to the New Deal, goods shipped from cross-border e-commerce after April 8 must provide customs clearance in accordance with general trade requirements. The so-called customs clearance form refers to the "Import Customs Clearance Form" issued by the inspection and quarantine institution. The required materials include the certificate of origin and the inspection and quarantine certificate. The cosmetics, health care products and other commodities must also be registered with the Food and Drug Administration. After the cross-border e-commerce has completed the inspection and obtained the customs clearance form issued by the inspection and quarantine department, it can only declare to the customs. This also means that the supervision of cross-border e-commerce bonded imports is no different from general trade. This customs clearance is almost impossible for e-commerce providers who get goods from wholesalers and have no brand channels.
In response to the rebound of e-commerce, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) explained in the explanation published on May 15 that the inspection and quarantine of the cross-border e-commerce goods should be issued according to law. At the same time, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine stated that “in fact, only 36% of the codes in the list are in the “law list”, and the meaning of most of the coded products is not affected.
In fact, some e-commerce companies told Beijing Youth Daily that although only 36% of the codes are in the “law inspection catalogue”, in fact, the current cross-border e-commerce sales are basically in the “law inspection catalogue”. Some e-commerce companies said, "If you calculate by value, it is estimated that more than 90% of the goods need a customs clearance."
Freezing area import volume decreased by over 60%
The problem of customs clearance not only caused a large number of e-commerce goods to be imported, but also directly affected the import quantity of many cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas and bonded areas. Earlier, there were media reports that because the cross-border e-commerce platform could not provide the qualifications and documents required for the “customs clearance” and a large number of goods could not be imported, the import volume of the major cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas dropped sharply. Between April 8 and April 15, the import volume of cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas in Zhengzhou, Shenzhen, Ningbo and Hangzhou decreased by 70%, 61%, 62% and 65% respectively compared with the New Deal.
“The decline in the volume of trade in the industry is affirmative, mainly focusing on cross-border e-commerce in the form of bonded and stocking.” According to informed sources, after the implementation of the New Deal, the overall volume of orders and orders of Jumei Premium declined. They are all around 60%; the number of outbound enterprises in the region, such as Honey Bud Baby and Netease Koala, has also declined to varying degrees. Netease koala fell 47% from the area within 4 days after the implementation of the New Deal on April 8. These have directly caused a significant drop in the import volume of various cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test areas. It is reported that the import volume of the Zhengzhou cross-border e-commerce comprehensive test area has dropped by 70% compared with the New Deal.
The so-called cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zone is a policy exploration that is more conducive to cross-border e-commerce in China based on the rapid development of cross-border e-commerce. In 2013, China set Hangzhou as the first pilot zone for cross-border e-commerce trade. In January this year, it decided to promote the relevant policy system and management system of China (Hangzhou) cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zone to a larger scale. Pilots of cross-border e-commerce comprehensive pilot zones in cities such as Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing and Zhengzhou.
These pilot areas of cross-border e-commerce trade have functions such as bonded, display and transaction, which can not only realize the functions of the traditional bonded area, but also consumers can directly go to the industrial park for on-site experience, on-site ordering, on-site delivery, equivalent to the traditional bonded area. Based on the further improvement of transaction efficiency.
High-level boarding "slow period" around May 9
From April 8th, China's new cross-border e-commerce retail imports are subject to customs duties and import-related value-added tax and consumption tax. The new tax system called “Let e-commerce come to an end” is officially coming. Yesterday, cross-border e-commerce people told reporters that in fact, as early as this month, they had vaguely received the news that the New Deal was suspended. "About May 8th and 9th, we got the news for the first time!" In the month after the implementation of the New Deal on April 8th and the information received on May 8th, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce, and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine held a survey on cross-border e-commerce companies. The meeting, "On the one hand, listening to data, on the other hand, listening to suggestions, mainly listening to the company." According to him, in the two weeks after the first month of the implementation of the New Deal, the high-level meetings of these ministries began to be held intensively, and more were to explore various solutions, including whether the implementation of the New Deal needs to be postponed. "On May 8th and 9th, the parties basically reached an agreement, that is, a one-year suspension period. It seems that the New Deal suspension period is as of May 10, 2017, then the 'suspension period' is indeed from then on. The calculation was started. However, the scope of the suspension was clear at the time, and the tax adjustment was retained. The other extensions were implemented for one year until a new reasonable supervision method was formed."
Some merchants who do import trade through direct mail have also vaguely felt that the policy seems to have been adjusted. Some merchants choose to send potentially affected products to the bonded warehouses in Hong Kong before the New Deal, and then send them to customers through direct mail. Initially, the speed of direct mail clearance was very slow, almost stagnation; however, at the end of April, the direct mail clearance was obviously speeding up, and now it has almost recovered to the level before the New Deal.
The first time "released water" released baby milk powder
According to the reporter, in fact, this is not the first adjustment to this new policy, but it has been a more euphemistic way before, including the "positive list" of rapid adjustment.
On the day before the implementation of the New Deal on April 8, the Ministry of Finance announced the “List of Cross-border E-Commerce Retail Imports”, but this list has caused the e-commerce industry to be in turmoil because of the large amount of cross-border fresh Food and liquid milk are not listed. In addition, one of the most important categories of overseas purchases, infant formula, is required to be registered in accordance with the provisions of the Food Safety Law.
However, just as many e-commerce companies were in despair, the second "positive list" was unexpectedly released on April 15. “It’s rare to see such a situation that the policy has been greatly relaxed after a week. This shows that the corporate pressure brought by the policy is really too big!” An e-commerce person introduced that the second list was largely “released”. "Water", although only 151 eight-digit commodity number finalists, but the attention of infant formula milk powder can be "resurrection", and it is stipulated that until 2018, the import of infant formula does not require the registration certificate of the relevant product. This is equivalent to giving a grace period of two years. At the same time, this list also has new explanations for imported health foods and cosmetics.